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Ghar-e- Dosar Cave

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City : Mehriz
Address : 95 Km from Yazd, Mehriz, Yazd
Type of attractions : Natural
Servicing hours : 24/7
Visiting days : Official permission required

Yazd is rich in having lots of historical and natural attractions, most of which have been discovered and are regarded as the tourist destinations of this city. On the other hand, there are a number of attractions which have been recently discovered. One of the most amazing natural attractions in Yazd is Pashoom Cave or Ghar-E Dosar which has been recently discovered. This cave, which is the largest underground cave room in Iran and the fourth largest cave room in the world, is considered one of the most dreadful caves in Iran and has attracted the attention of a large number of researchers and explorers.

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Where Is Pashoom Cave Located?  

Pashoom Cave is located near Mehriz and Nishkuh, not far from Tang-E-Chenar Village and about 95 km from Yazd. Having driven about 60 km in Mehriz Road, we reach a detour dirt road located on the opposite side of the dirt road of Chah Morti Farm. We drive forward for about 4 km in the mentioned detour road and then a parking lot will appear. Now, it is the time to walk a gentle slope for 3.5 km to see the mouth of the Pashoom Cave.

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Why Was the Cave Named Ghar-E Dosar?

Pashoom Cave is also known as Ghar-E Dosar. The exact reason for naming the cave as Pashoom is not clear yet, but there are some reasons for its popularity as Ghar-E Dosar, including:

  • Being located between two peaks (in Persian Do means two and Sar refers to the summit of the mountain);
  • Being named after the name of the Dosar Mountain in which the cave is located;
  • The presence of two (Do) large rocks at the top of the cave opening.
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About Pashoom Cave

Pashoom Cave in Mehriz, in addition to being the largest cave room in Iran, has also gained worldwide fame and it is ranked as the fourth largest cave room in the world after the caves in Malaysia, China, and Spain.

Actually, it should be noted that the amazing Cave of Pashoom is not yet well- known, but it has the potential of becoming one of the research hubs in the near future.

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How Was Ghar-e- Dosar Cave Discovered?

In 2012, a man named Fath Ali Heydari noticed a vertical cave opening near the city of Mehriz. According to sources, he raised the issue with the Yazd Climbing Club. Therefore, some parts of the cave's opening were dug and 50 meters of the cave was discovered. But due to lack of facilities and knowledge, the excavations by a professional team were postponed. After the news broke, the researchers with the help of a team of experts with full equipment set out for the cave and became able to enter it.

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Climbing Pashoom Cave

Of course, in order to climb the Pashoom Cave and see its features, it is necessary for the climbers and visitors to get some information about the cave before starting their adventure toward this wonderful natural attraction:

  • On the way to the Ghar-e- Dosar Cave, there is an ab anbar (water reservoir) and a place for keeping sheep herds;
  • As you enter the cave, you will reach a well with a depth of 19 meters, a number of stairs, and a 70-degree slope. Then, the path will change into a waterway and another 80-meter-deep well reappears. In the lower part of the second well, there is a large hall which has created a plain-like area;
  • The cave, with an area of 81,500 square meters and a depth of 130 meters, is located 1900 meters above the sea level. The oval hall in Pashoom Cave is 385 meters long, 265 meters wide, and 70 meters high. It is worth noting that this underground cave hall is as large as the size of two big planes;
  • On the floor, large and small stone pieces can be seen which indicate the minor roof collapse of the cave;
  • In Ghar-E Dosar, a variety of animals and animal remains have been observed including a large number of pigeons in the first well, a number of moths and bats in the second well, and a kind of black beetle and sometimes the skeletons of pigeons on the cave floor. Some sources report that a large number of bats live in this cave whom sometimes block the way for the climbers and visitors.

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Tips for Visiting Pashoom Cave

 

  • In order to visit any natural attraction, it is necessary to follow some basic points. Here are a few tips that the visitors should keep in mind while climbing and visiting the Pashoom Cave:
  • The cave is located in an environmental protected area, and the visitors must make the necessary arrangements with the authorities in charge before starting the trip;
  • Since the cave is newly discovered, it is not still equipped with special welfare facilities and does not provide enough safety. Therefore, the climbers should observe caution and definitely visit Pashoom Cave accompanied by a specialized guide;
  • In order to climb this mysterious cave, the climbers and cavers are advised to be equipped with SRT;
  • Watching this fascinating natural phenomenon poses potential dangers to unprofessional climbers;
  • According to available evidence and due to the possibility of roof collapsing, the visitors should seriously avoid making loud noises;
  • The rocks on the floor of the cave are stacked on each other unsafely and the climbers must be extremely careful while crossing them.
Mehriz houses other historical and natural attractions which are worth to pay a visit to such as Pahlavanpur Garden, Mehriz Old Cypress, Mehrpadin Castle, and so on. 

 

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